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Soviet Union's A-32 and T-32 medium tank


Designed along side the A-20, A. A. Morozov and M. I. Koshkin worked on another design that would be simpler to produce and maintain.

The T-32 was to only be able to run on tracks.


In August 1938 the High War Council, let by People's Commissar for Defense, K. J. Voroshilov, discussed the A-20 and T-32. Many on the Council disliked the T-32 as it didn't have the wheel track feature they were wanting. Stalin however saw the validity of Koshkin's argument and backed the A-32. In July 1939, the Kharkov Locomotive Factory had completed the prototypes for the A-20 and T-32. They were both then tested and it was decided to go with the T-32. On December 19, 1939, the People's Commissariat for Defense released the T-32 to the Red Army. It was soon designated the T-34.

In 1939 tests were conducted with the T-32 and A-20 and the T-32 was selected as it had better fire power and armor.


  • A-32: Based on the A-20 but the main armament was upgraded to 76.2 mm in 1939 Ran on wheels or tracks.
  • T-32: Produced in 1939 and very similar to the A-32, but it no longer had a wheel mode.




Crew 4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 18.7 tons, 19 tons
19,000 kg
Length 17.85', 19' 5"
5.92 m
Height 7.85', 8'
2.45 m
Width 8.85', 9' 10"
3 m
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Main 76.2 mm L-11
76.2 mm
MG 2: DT MGs
2: MG
Side arms  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 30
30 - 60
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) V-2
Cylinders 12
Net HP 450 @ 2,200 rpm
Fuel type Diesel
Speed - Road 38 mph, 40 mph
65 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 199 miles
320 km
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 5, 5 pairs
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  


  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  3. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  4. Armour in Profile #9: T-34/76, J. M. Brereton, ?
  5. Airfix Magazine Guide 22 Russian Tanks of World War 2, John Milsom and Steve Zaloga, 1977
  6. Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945, by Wolfgang Fleischer, 1999
  7. Russian Tanks of World War II, Stalin's Armored Might, Tim Bean, Will Fowler, 2002
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site