Was used in all Italian theaters of operation except Russia and the English Channel.
During 1936 - 1938 the Ro.37 was exported to Afghanistan, Ecuador, Hungary, and Uruguay.
- Gruppi Osservazione Aerea:
- North Africa: 64°, 67°, 73°
- Balkans: 5°, 63°, 70°, 72°
Spanish Civil War
The Ro.37 was first used in the Spanish Civil War.
During World War II the Ro.37 was also used as a ground support and fighter in Africa.