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Great Britain's "G" class, Gallant, Grenville class destroyers

Photos

  • H05 HMS Greyhound destroyer
  • H31 HMS Griffin destroyer
  • H37 HMS Garland destroyer
  • H59 HMS Gallant destroyer
  • H63 HMS Gipsy destroyer
  • H86 HMS Grenade destroyer
  • H89 HMS Grafton destroyer
  • H92 HMS Glowworm destroyer

Design

Compared to the prior "F" class destroyers these had their cruising turbines removed and were a little smaller.

The HMS Grenville was a modified design based on the HMS Faulknor. At the waterline it was 6' shorter. As side fired boilers were installed some internal spaces were changed.

Armament

The 4.7"/45 QF Mk IX guns could elevate to 40° because of the use of gun wells.

The HMS Glowworm had prototype pentad PR Mk I tubes installed to increase the torpedo broadside to 10 tubes.

Ships

HMS Gallant, H.59

  • Builder: Stephen, A. Stephen
  • Cost: £300,000
  • September 15, 1934: Laid down
  • September 26, 1935: Launched
  • February 25, 1936: Completed
  • 1939: Nore
  • 1939: Mediterranean
  • September 1939: With 1st Destroyer Flotilla in home waters.
  • April 1940: Refit
  • May 1940: Evacuation from France and Belgium
  • mid-1940: Mediterranean
  • January 10, 1941: Hit mines off Malta. Towed into Malta Harbor.
  • January 20, 1941. Hit by bombs.
  • January 20, 1941, April 5, 1942: Constructive loss
  • April 1942: Hit by bombs
  • 1943: Used as a block ship.

HMS Garland, H.37

  • Builder: Fairfield
  • August 22, 1934: Laid down
  • October 24, 1935: Launched
  • March 3, 1936: Commissioned
  • 1939: Mediterranean with 2nd Flotilla
  • April 1940: Norway
  • ?: Transferred to Poland
  • 1940 - 1944: Western Approaches
  • ?: 'Y' gun was removed. Two 20 mm Oerlikons installed on bridge wings. Type 291 and 285 radars installed.
  • 1944: Freetown
  • 1944: Mediterranean
  • ?: 'B' replaced by hedgehog. Two 20 mm Oerlikons installed on searchlight platforms. Radar 271 installed.
  • 1945: Home Fleet
  • 1947, December 1947: Transferred to the Netherlands and became Marnix

HMS Gipsy, H.63

  • Builder: Fairfield
  • September 5, 1934: Laid down
  • November 7, 1935: Launched
  • February 22, 1936: Commissioned
  • 1939: Mediterranean with 2nd Flotilla
  • 1939: Home waters
  • November 21, 1939: Sunk by mines lain by German destroyers off Harwich

HMS Glowworm, H.92

  • Builder: Thornycroft
  • August 15, 1934: Laid down
  • July 22, 1935: Launched
  • January 22, 1936: Commissioned
  • 1939: Mediterranean
  • September 1939: With 1st Destroyer Flotilla in home waters.
  • April 1940: Norway
  • April 8, 1940: Rammed KMS Admiral Hipper and sank off Norway

HMS Grafton, H.89

  • Builder: Thornycroft
  • August 30, 1934: Laid down
  • September 18, 1935: Launched
  • March 20, 1936: Commissioned
  • 1939: Mediterranean
  • September 1939: With 1st Destroyer Flotilla in home waters.
  • April 1940: Refit
  • May 1940: Evacuation from France and Belgium
  • May 29, 1940: Hit by torpedo from U69 while carrying a full load of evacuating troops. Sunk by HMS Ivanhoe.

HMS Grenade, H.86

  • Builder: Stephen, A. Stephen
  • October 3, 1934: Laid down
  • November 12, 1935: Launched
  • March 28, 1936: Commissioned
  • 1939: Mediterranean
  • September 1939: With 1st Destroyer Flotilla in home waters.
  • April 1940: Norway
  • May 1940: Evacuation from France and Belgium
  • May 29, 1940: Sunk by bomb that went down funnel off Dunkirk

HMS Grenville, H.03, Class Leader, Genville class

  • Builder: Yarrow, A. Yarrow
  • September 29, 1934: Laid down
  • August 15, 1935: Launched
  • July 1, 1936: Commissioned
  • 1939: With the 20th Flotilla in the Mediterranean
  • September 1939: With 1st Destroyer Flotilla in home waters.
  • January 19, 1940: Lost to a mine in the Thames estuary laid by the destroyers KMS Steinbrinck, KMS Eckoldt, or the KMS Ihn.

HMS Greyhound, H.05

  • Builder: Vickers-Armstrong at Barrow
  • September 20, 1934: Laid down
  • August 15, 1935: Launched
  • January 31, 1936: Commissioned
  • 1939: Mediterranean
  • September 1939: With 1st Destroyer Flotilla in home waters.
  • April 1940: Norway
  • May 1940: Evacuation from France and Belgium. Hit by shore fire.
  • mid-1940: Mediterranean
  • September 1940: Dakar. With Australia and Fury heavily damaged French contr-torpilleur L'Audacieux.
  • October 20, 1940: With HMS Griffin and HMS Hotspur sunk Italian submarine Lafole.
  • January 1941: Sank Italian submarine Neghelli in central Mediterranean.
  • March 6, 1941: Sank Italian submarine Anfitrite off Crete.
  • March 1941: Battle of Cape Matapan
  • May 22, 1941: Sunk in Kithera Channel during Crete operation.

HMS Griffin, H.31, HMCS Ottawa

  • Builder: Vickers-Armstrong at Barrow
  • September 20, 1934: Laid down
  • August 15, 1935: Launched
  • June 6, 1936: Commissioned
  • 1939: Mediterranean
  • September 1939: With 1st Destroyer Flotilla in home waters.
  • April 1940: Norway
  • mid-1940: Mediterranean
  • October 20, 1940: With HMS Greyhound and HMS Hotspur sunk Italian submarine Lafole.
  • March 1941: Battle of Cape Matapan
  • May 1941: Crete
  • February - May 1942: Eastern Fleet
  • June - 1943: Mediterranean
  • ?: 'A' replaced by hedgehog. 3" gun replaced by two 20 mm Oerlikons. 'Y' gun replaced by four depth charge launchers.
  • 1943, March 20, 1943, March 22, 1943: Transferred to Royal Canadian Navy and becoming HMCS Ottawa
  • 1943 - 1945: North Atlantic
  • 1946: Broken up
  • January 1, 1946: Disposed

Specifications

  "G" Class
Crew 145
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 1,335 tons, 1,350 tons, 1,335 - 1,370 tons
1,376 tonnes
Displacement - Glowworm 1,345 tons
Displacement - Loaded 1,854 tons, 1,854 - 1,890 tons
1,883 tonnes
Length 323'
98.45 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars 312'
95.09 m, 95.1 m
Length - Water Line 320'
97.5 m
Beam 32' 3", 33'
10.05 m, 10.06 m
Draft - Mean 8' 6", 12' 5"
3.78 m
Performance  
Speed 36 knots
Range at 15 knots 5,530 nautical miles
Armament 4: 4.7"/45 QF Mk IX (4 x 1), 4.7"
Anti-Aircraft 1: 3" AA
8: .5" AA (2 x 4)
Torpedo Tubes 8: 21" (2 x 4)
4: 21"
Torpedo Tubes - Glowworm 10: 21" (2 x 5)
Engines  
Boilers 3: Admiralty 3 drum
Shafts 2
Turbines Parsons geared, Geared
HP 34,000
Oil 443 - 461 tons, 455 tons, 470 tons
477 tonnes
  "G" Class - Later
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 1,980 - 1,095 tons
Draft - Mean 13' - 13' 4"
3.96 - 4.06 m
  HMS Grenville, Grenville class
Crew 175, 178
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 1,455 - 1,456 tons, 1,465 tons, 1,485 tons
1,488 tonnes
Displacement - Loaded 2,033 - 2,053 tons, 2,053 tons
2,085 tonnes
Displacement - Loaded - Later 2,270 tons
Length 330'
100.5 m, 100.58 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars 319'
97.2 m, 97.23 m
Length - Water Line 327'
99.6 m
Beam 34' 6"
10.5 m, 10.52 m
Draft - Mean 8' 9", 12' 9"
3.89 m
Performance  
Speed 36 knots
Range at 15 knots 5,530 nautical miles
Armament 5: 4.7" (5 x 1), 4.7"/45 QF Mk IX (5 x 1), 4.7" QF Mk IX
Anti-Aircraft 8: .5" machine guns
Torpedo Tubes 8: 21" (2 x 4)
Engines  
Boilers 3: Yarrow 3-drum, Yarrow side fired
Shafts 2
Turbines Geared, Parsons geared
HP 38,000
Oil 470 tons
477 tonnes

Sources:

  1. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  2. Destroyers of World War Two, M. J. Whitley, 1988
  3. Warships of World War II, H. T. Lenton & J. J. Colledge, 1964
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site